How Is Sinus Lift Procedure
A sinus lift is a three-step procedure . First of all, as in any other surgery, the patients motivation and positive attitude are key points for success in the sinus lifting operation.
Before the surgery, the dental professionals will need an X-ray of your mouth to determine what part of your jaw needs to be worked on. Also, they try to decide on where to cut tissues from and which sinus load will be lifted. Another thing that dental professionals consider before the surgery is to find a suitable bone to place in your jaw. At this point, they consider getting a little piece of bone from your own body, from a cadaver, or a cow.
During the operation, the dental professional starts with cutting the gum tissue. This is done very carefully in order not to get an undercut or overcut in your mouth. Then, the professional exposes the bone hidden under the tissue by raising it. Next, he cuts a small circle on the bone and pushes it up to the sinus.
Then, the bone graft taken from your body or other alternative sources is put into the circle hole to fill the gap. Now you have a new bone to be merged with the existing body of the bone. Finally, the incision is closed, and you wake from anesthesia.
To this end, you should avoid nose-blowing and sneezing because they might damage the stitches and make your bone graft move. Finally, it would help if you didnt let your nose dry. You are generally given saline sprays to keep inside wet.
Who Needs A Sinus Augmentation
Over the last 25 years, dental implants have become quicker offered, making them a significantly common dental procedure. As more individuals get dental implants to change missing teeth, sinus lifts likewise have actually ended up being more typical.
A sinus augmentation might be required if you are missing out on teeth and jawbone in the back of your jaw, near your sinuses. Jawbone and teeth in this area could be lost due to abnormality, gum disease, cancer, other medical conditions, or just the natural recovery procedure. A sinus lift can likewise be used if your sinuses are too close to your upper jaw and you require more area to put the implant.
What To Avoid After Endoscopic Sinus Surgery:
- Nose Blowing and Straining: You should avoid straining, heavy lifting and nose blowing for at least 10 days after surgery. Straining or nose blowing soon after surgery may cause bleeding. You can resume 50% of your regular exercise regimen at 1 week after surgery and your normal routine 2 weeks after surgery.
- Aspirin or Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory medications: Aspirin and NSAIDs such as Motrin, Advil, and Aleve should be stopped 2 weeks prior to surgery. Aspirin and NSAIDs such may cause bleeding and should be avoided for 2 weeks after surgery.
- Steroid Nasal Sprays: If you were taking nasal steroid sprays prior to surgery you should avoid using these for at least 2 weeks after sinus surgery to allow the lining of the nose and sinuses to heal. Your doctor will tell you when it is safe to restart this medicine.
Recommended Reading: Prescription Antibiotics For Sinus Infection
What Conditions Can Balloon Sinuplasty Treat
Balloon Sinuplasty to Treat Chronic Nasal Congestion Symptoms Of Chronic Sinusitis. When a person has chronic sinusitis, they could experience facial pain, a sore throat from nasal discharge, swelling and tenderness around their nose, eyes, forehead, and Chronic Conditions. Procedure. Recovery. Recovery Medications. Shown Effective.
Sinus Surgery: Preparation Risks Take Pain Medicines Exactly As Directed And Alternatives
Sinus surgery can be done with little discomfort, patients will need to use packing.You may have some swelling of your nose, you may develop a black eye or have temporary numbness or tingling in the face or gums.Increased pain, such as: Pain in the calf, New sinus surgery techniques, You may feel stuffed up like you have a bad head cold, although this is rare, warmth, It takes about 3-5 days to recover from surgery.Functional endoscopic sinus surgery : This is now the most common type of sinus surgery, Risks and complications of sinus surgery include unresolved infections, including facial pain syndromes, take itFAQ: Is endoscopic sinus surgery painful? During the procedure itself, and alternativeswww.medicalnewstoday.comSinus Surgery: What to Expect as You Recover Ear, What to do after surgery:The type of pain that patients experience is usually a sore and swollen feeling inside of the nose, Yet the recovery process can be quite uncomfortable, Your nose may be sore and will bleed, You have symptoms of a blood clot in your leg , If the doctor gave you a prescription medicine for pain, Yet the recovery process can be quite uncomfortable, Less commonly, This makes the surgery less painful, sinus surgery might be the best option for you, Dull throbbing pains may occur where bone was removed, Complications & Recovery
Also Check: What Is Good To Take For Sinus Pressure
What Is Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Endoscopic sinus surgery is a procedure designed to open the natural drainage pathways of the sinuses to restore their function and health. In chronic sinusitis, the sinuses are unable to drain adequately due to inflammation of the narrow drainage pathways. As a result, nasal secretions can become trapped in the sinuses and become chronically infected.The goal of surgery is to carefully remove the thin, delicate bone and mucous membranes that block the drainage pathways of the sinuses. The term endoscopic refers to the use of small fiberoptic telescopes that allow all of the surgery to be performed through the nostrils, without the need for any skin incisions. Endoscopic sinus surgery is generally performed on an outpatient basis.
Are There Any Alternatives To Surgery
Antibiotics may help to clear the infection.
If your sinusitis is caused by an allergy, you may be able to prevent sinusitis by avoiding the triggers of your allergy or by taking medication such as antihistamines or a nasal steroid spray.
If you use a nasal steroid spray for a long time, you can reduce the size of polyps, which may mean that you do not need surgery.
Don’t Miss: Aleve D Sinus And Headache Discontinued
What Is Sinus Surgery
Sinus surgery is a procedure that aims to open the pathways of the sinuses and clear blockages. This is an option for people with ongoing and recurrent sinus infections, for people with abnormal sinus structure, or abnormal growths in the sinus.
A doctor will often attempt other treatments and procedures before resorting to surgery. If these dont work, surgery may be carried out.
Sinus surgery can be done with little discomfort. It is a brief procedure that has few complications.
The goal of the surgery is to remove whatever is blocking the drainage pathways of the sinuses. This may include removing:
- thin pieces of bone
- sleep apnea
Sinus surgery may also be required due to other infections, ongoing blockages, abnormal growths, and other issues that cause inflammation in the nasal passages and sinuses.
The most common type of sinus surgery is endoscopic sinus surgery. However, there are other procedures that may be carried out.
Functional endoscopic sinus surgery
FESS is carried out with a tool called an endoscope. This is an illuminated, thin fiber-optic tube. The endoscope is inserted into the nose to reach the openings of the sinuses.
Micro-telescopes and surgical instruments can then be passed down the endoscope and used to carry out the procedure. The surgeon will use these tools to remove obstructive tissues and other blockages to clear the sinuses.
A person who has this surgery will usually only feel mild discomfort for a short period of time.
How Do I Prepare For Sinus Surgery
Prior to sinus surgery, you will need to have some blood work and possibly some other studies performed. To be current, blood work should be done within one month of surgery. Other studies include an EKG and chest x-ray, which are ordered if your age or medical history indicates a need. This testing can be done here at Cleveland Clinic, or locally. If done locally, results need to be forwarded to us at least two weeks prior to the scheduled surgery date so they can be reviewed.
Typically, you will have a visit to be re-examined prior to surgery. For convenience, pre-operative studies can be arranged at Cleveland Clinic. If you have a CT scan from outside this institution, bring it with you to this visit. Surgery will not be performed without the CT scan.
In some cases, starting oral steroids and/or antibiotic therapy is done in the pre-surgical period. Take these medications as directed by us. If you have a significant increase in your sinus infection in the week prior to surgery, notify us. Your sinus surgery may need to be postponed.
Do not take aspirin or salicylate containing analgesics for at least 10 days prior to surgery. Aspirin, even in small quantities, can significantly increase bleeding during surgery and post-operatively.
Do not take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for at least five days prior to sinus surgery. These drugs will also increase bleeding, although the effects on the blood are shorter.
Recommended Reading: Tumor In Sinus Cavity Surgery
Surgical Treatment For Chronic Sinusitis
Our surgeons can correct structural problems within the nasal passages and sinuses and remove polyps or other tissue blocking the nasal passages. Clearing the nasal and sinus passages allows mucus to drain normally, reducing facial pressure and pain, restoring your sense of smell, and making it easier to breathe.
What To Expect On The Day Of Surgery
On the morning of your surgery, shower thoroughly but avoid putting any lotion, moisturizer, or makeup on your face.
An hour or two before the surgery, you will need to spray your nasal spray in each nostril as per the instructions on the product label. Each dose lasts for around 12 hours.
Once you are checked-in to the hospital or surgical center and have signed the consent forms, you are led to the back to undress and change into a hospital gown.
Don’t Miss: How Does Sinus Pressure Make You Feel
What Natural Home Remedies Should You Use After Sinus Surgery
It is important for all patients with chronic sinus disease to understand that they have a chronic illness. Successful sinus surgery will only help control the complications and discomfort of chronic sinus disease. The following three areas of prevention should always be remembered:
Caring For Your Nose At Home
It is normal to have a blocked nose after nasal surgery. Often the nose is clear immediately after the operation, but gradually blocks up over the next few hours. It is common for the nose to be blocked for three weeks before the nasal airway begins to improve. This is because the nasal airways are narrow, and even a small amount of swelling of the lining of the nose can cause a blocked nose. Usually you will have some watery blood-stained discharge from the nose, which settles after a few days. Occasionally some crusts or scabs will form in the nose as part of the healing process. Please resist the temptation to pick these out, as it could cause a nosebleed, or infection in the nose. You can use saline washes to help clear them.
You will usually be given some drops and washes to use in the nose after your operation. These can be sniffed through the nose to help clear the nasal airways.
You should not fly for three weeks after nasal or sinus surgery as the cabin pressure changes and very dry air increase the risk of having a nosebleed.
Occasionally patients who have had a septoplasty or septorhinoplasty experience some numbness or tingling of the tip of the nose or front, upper, teeth. This is caused by irritation of the nerve that supplies the area, which runs along the bottom of the nasal septum. In most cases this will settle with time, although it can take several months as nerves heal very slowly.
Frontline Medical Treatments Typically Work Well
MedStar Health sinus experts blend the benefits of medicine and surgical intervention. These frontline treatments, alone or in combination, provide adequate relief for most patients:
- Antibiotics for sinus diseases: If bacteria are to blame for your chronic sinus woes, courses of antibiotics might help relieve the bulk of your congestion and pain.
- Medicated sinus sprays: Medicated allergy sprays such as topical corticosteroids or antihistamines are safe to use long-term. However, the medication only works on areas it can touch. If polyps or other obstructions are blocking your sinuses, you might not get the full benefit.
- Oral or injectable medications: Steroid medications taken by mouth or injections can help reduce inflammation if other methods dont work. Prednisone, for example, can help dissolve polyps and temporarily reduce sinus irritation. Long-term steroid use is not recommended due to side effects such as weakened bones or developing cataracts.
- Nasal saline rinses: High volume saline irrigations can bathe the sinuses, cleaning the sinuses and nasal passages out while keeping them moist, which helps to reduce inflammation. These systems also help clear particles such as pollen out of your nasal passages, reducing irritation.
Please note: Surgery is not a cure-all. Even with even the most severe sinus problems, surgery is a complement to long-term maintenance with medical therapy.
What Are The Risks Of Sinus Surgery
Major complications from sinus surgery are exceedingly rare. However, sinus surgery involves the removal of bone and tissue very close to brain and in between the eyes. Injuries to the brain, spinal fluid leakage, meningitis, blindness, double vision and loss of smell have all been described after endoscopic sinus surgery. General anesthesia alone can cause serious complications, including stroke, heart attack, tooth injury, voice injury and death. Again, these risks are serious but rare as are the risks of driving an automobile. More common, but less serious complications include nasal obstruction, bleeding, soreness, persistent infection, and need for reoperation. Select a surgeon who is certified by the American Board of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and who has good training and experience with endoscopic sinus surgery.
Armstrong, M: Office Endoscopic Sinus Surgery. Presented at the American Rhinologic Society, Palm Desert, CA, April 26, 1999. Armstrong, M. Office-based Procedures in Rhinosinusitis. Otolaryngol Clin N Am 38:1327-1338, 2005.
Levine SB, Truitt T, Schwartz M, Atkins J: In-Office Stand-Alone Balloon Dilation of Maxillary Sinus Ostia and Ethmoid infundibula in Adults with Chronic or Recurrent Acute Rhinosinusitis: A Prospective, Multi-institutional Study with 1-Year Follow-Up. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 122:665-671, 2013.
Read Also: Sore Throat And Sinus Remedies
What Is Balloon Sinuplasty
Balloon sinuplasty is an endoscopic procedure that relieves pain and pressure associated with chronic sinusitis. Balloon sinuplasty is the latest method to treat sinus-related disease. It involves expanding the natural drainage openings of the sinus passages. This procedure is mostly prescribed when medications and other therapies seem to be ineffective. The procedure aims at
- Opening the blocked sinuses.
- Restoring normal sinus drainage and function.
This procedure uses catheter-based equipment to open blocked sinuses.
The benefits of balloon sinuplasty are as follows:
- It is minimally invasive, as there are no major incisions or cutting involved.
- There is less bleeding, as it doesnt involve tissue or bone removal.
- Recovery time is faster than that for traditional surgery.
- There is no need for nasal packing.
- There is less risk of infection, bruising, and swelling.
Common Side Effects And Best Practices For Recovery
Youll most likely have some nasal dripping or mucus that is bloody this is normal. But you will need to avoid blowing your nose for 4 to 7 days after surgery. Blowing could disrupt the delicate sinuses as they heal.
Your doctor might insert nasal packs at the site of the surgery and remove them in the days afterwards. Your doctor will ask you to schedule a few postoperative appointments. They can clear your nasal passages safely and carefully.
Also Check: Sinus Infection Vs Flu Vs Cold
What Happens After The Surgery
You should be able to go home shortly after the procedure. The surgeon is going to want you to have someone else drive you home and be able to watch you through that day to make sure you dont have any immediate complications.
Youll likely go home with the following:
- Saline nasal spray to keep your nose moist
- Medicine to prevent nasal congestion and swelling
- Pain medicine
- Likely an antibacterial mouthwash to also help prevent infection
Most surgeons will want you to rest for the remainder of the day in bed with an ice pack on the area. Your doctor will provide more complete instructions on when he/she feels its okay to resume normal activities.
Roughly 7-10 days following your surgery you will return to your doctor for a recheck and removal of the stitches. After that, you will likely return again down the road for xrays to assess how the area is healing inside.
For most patients, it will take at least 5-6 months before the bone graft has properly set and healed enough that you can then place dental implants.