Is A Sinus Infection Contagious
How Will I Know if I Have a Sinus Infection?
The majority of doctors think that most people do not transmit sinus infections except in rare instances, and conclude that sinus infections are not contagious.
Sinus infections usually begin with the symptoms of a cold , and then develop into pain and pressure in the sinus cavities. About 7 to 10 days after initial cold-like symptoms other symptoms develop that suggest you may have a sinus infection. Sinus infection symptoms include
- a yellowish-greenish nasal discharge that may have an odor,
- bad breath,
- pressure in the sinuses, and
What Is Sinus Infection
Medically known as rhinosinusitis, Sinus infection or Sinusitis is an inflammation or swelling of the tissue lining the sinuses. Healthy sinuses are filled with air. But when they become blocked and filled with fluid, germs can grow and cause an infection. It occurs when your nasal cavities become infected, swollen, and inflamed. Sinusitis is usually caused by a virus and often persists even after other upper respiratory symptoms are gone. In some cases, bacteria, or rarely fungus, may cause a sinus infection.
When Do Symptoms First Appear
The symptoms of a sinus infection often come on suddenly. COVID-19 symptoms can develop more gradually 2 to 14 days after exposure to SARS-CoV-2.
Viruses that cause a cold or flu tend to circulate in the fall and winter months. COVID-19 can occur any time of the year. While a sinus infection could develop following COVID-19, this hasnt yet been reported by research.
A sinus infection can also occur after exposure to allergens or irritants, such as pollen, pet dander, and cigarette smoke. If you have allergies or were recently around an irritant, you may be at risk for a sinus infection.
Recommended Reading: How Can I Cure A Sinus Infection
But Sometimes Antibiotics For Sinus Infections Are Needed
So how does one judge when it is appropriate to prescribe antibiotics for a sinus infection? There are several sets of official guidelines, which are all similar. When a patient has thick, colorful nasal discharge and/or facial pressure or pain for at least 10 days, they meet criteria for antibiotic treatment. If a patient has had those symptoms, but the symptoms seemed to start improving and then got worse again, then even if its been less than 10 days, they meet criteria for antibiotic treatment.
The authors, however, also suggest that doctors discuss watchful waiting with patients and explain that most sinus infections clear up on their own in one to two weeks, and its a safe option to hold off on antibiotics. The symptoms can then be treated with a cocktail of over-the-counter medications and supportive care, like nasal saline irrigation, nasal steroid sprays, decongestants, and pain medications.
Of course, many patients expect and demand antibiotics for sinus infections, and even those who are open to watchful waiting may hear about the rare but possible complications of things like, oh, brain abscess, and opt to treat.
In the case of my patient above, she met criteria for treatment. She weighed the watchful waiting option against the potential risks of antibiotics for her sinus infection, and chose the prescription. I can tell you from very close follow-up that she improved quickly, though in truth, we will never really know if she would have gotten better anyway.
How Do You Get Rid Of A Sinus Infection Fast
You can treat a sinus infection at home or with OTC medications for symptom relief, and/or a prescription antibiotic medication, in the case of a bacterial infection. Stay hydrated, use a humidifier, and sleep at an incline to help resolve your sinus infection quickly. Consult your healthcare provider to see if you need an antibiotic.
Read Also: Best Drink For Sinus Infection
What Are The Most Common Antibiotics Used For Sinusitis
Amoxicillin remains the drug of choice for acute, uncomplicated bacterial sinusitis. Amoxicillin is most effective when given frequently enough to sustain adequate levels in the infected tissue. While often prescribed twice daily, it is even more effective if taken in 3 or 4 divided doses. Amoxicillin is typically prescribed for 7-10 days at a time. While it is critical to finish the entire 10 day course of antibiotics when treating strep throat, there is evidence that shorter courses of treatment may be sufficient for most cases of sinusitis. Amoxicillin is closely related to the parent compound penicillin and should not be prescribed in patients who are penicillin allergic.
Cephalosporins and Augmentin are considered broad-spectrum antibiotics because they have enhanced effectiveness against a wider range of bacteria, including those that are resistant to ordinary penicillin or amoxicillin. If the patient does not improve within the first week on amoxicillin, a change to Augmentin or to a cephalosporin such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Omnicef, or Suprax is reasonable. Although these drugs have a similar mechanism of action to penicillin, they generally can be taken in adequate doses once or twice daily. These medications should be used with extreme caution in patients with a history of penicillin allergy, as cross-reaction may occur.
Diagnosis And Treatment Of Sinus Infections
You may experience many of these symptoms with a cold, but if the symptoms last for more than two weeks, you should make an appointment to find out if you have a sinus infection. After an exam, and possibly some x-rays of your sinuses or a nasal endoscopy, your doctor may offer you antibiotics for bacterial infections. The condition can be acute, lasting for up to four weeks, or chronic, which can linger for years.
For a simple sinus infection, your doctor may also suggest decongestants, like Sudafed, to break up the congestion and reduce swelling in your sinuses in the nasal passages. For chronic sinus infections, your doctor may also suggest steam and hot showers to loosen the mucus. They may also suggest some form of saline solution to clean your sinuses and warm compresses on the nose and sinus area to loosen mucus. If you use over-the-counter medications, you should not take them beyond the prescribed recommendation.
If you do find structural abnormalities that are leading to sinus infections, your physician may suggest some surgical action, such as removing nasal polyps or shrinking the swollen tissues in the nose through a turbinectomy procedure. You can also try sinuplasty, similar to angioplasty, to open up passages with a balloon to permit mucus drainage.
Don’t Miss: Does Flonase Help Sinus Pressure
Why Should I Buy A Antibiotics For Sinus Infections
You can tell if you need or want a antibiotics for sinus infections by looking at your existing inventory. You probably dont need it and should reconsider buying it. If you cant get go of the old one, you could sell it and use the proceeds to buy the new one.This is a fun and easy approach to finish your task.
Lets face it, we all want to feel good about our purchases. But there are so many! How can you know which is best? You need not be concerned because Aids Quilt has your back. Our trained staff is here to help you find what works for you. Before making a final decision, you can take advantage of our free consultations.
What Are Complications Of A Sinus Infection Or Sinusitis
While serious complications do not occur frequently, it is possible for a sinus infection to cause a direct extension of infection into the brain through a sinus wall, creating a life-threatening emergency .
In addition, other adjacent structures can become infected and develop problems, such as osteomyelitis of bones in the skull and infection around the eye . Rarely, these infections may cause death. The most susceptible individuals to complications are patients with suppressed immune systems, diabetes, and relatively rarely from multiple trauma injuries that may occur in natural disasters.
Recommended Reading: How To Reduce Sinus Headache
What Are The Six Types Of Sinusitis And Sinus Infections
Sinusitis may be classified in several ways, based on its duration and the type of inflammation . The term rhinosinusitis is used to imply that both the nose and sinuses are involved and is becoming the preferred term over sinusitis.
- Acute sinus infection usually lasts less than 3-5 days.
- Subacute sinus infection lasts one to three months.
- Chronic sinus infection is greater than three months. Chronic sinusitis may be further sub-classified into chronic sinusitis with or without nasal polyps, or allergic fungal sinusitis.
- Recurrent sinusitis has several sinusitis attacks every year.
There is no medical consensus on the above time periods.
- Infected sinusitis usually is caused by an uncomplicated virus infection. Less frequently, bacterial growth causes sinus infection and fungal sinus infection is very infrequent. Subacute and chronic forms of a sinus infection usually are the result of incomplete treatment of an acute sinus infection.
- Noninfectious sinusitis is caused by irritants and allergic conditions and follows the same general timeline for acute, subacute, and chronic as infectious sinusitis.
Using The Right Water During Saline Rinses
When using saline nasal rinses, tap water should always be boiled and then allowed to cool to ensure cleanliness distilled water or premixed solutions could also be used instead of regular tap water.
Other home remedies for sinus infections include:
- Drinking fluids: Drinking lots of fluids helps loosen and thin mucus. Avoid beverages that are caffeinated and alcoholic beverages that can dehydrate the body, which could thicken mucus.
- Breathing steam: Warm water is best . You can breathe in steam from either a bowl or shower.
- Humidifying the air: Use a cool air vaporizer or humidifier,particularly at night while sleeping.
- Avoiding environmental substances: Avoid tobacco smoke and chlorinated water that can dry up the mucus membranes and exacerbate symptoms.
- Implementing treatment measures: At the first sign of infection, use antihistamines and employ regular nasal rinses.
You May Like: Can I Take Cephalexin For Sinus Infection
How Severe Are The Symptoms
Most sinus infections go away on their own without severe symptoms or complications. If a sinus infection is caused by bacteria, you may need antibiotics.
Many cases of COVID-19 may be mild or moderate. The World Health Organization estimates that
Heres what to do next whether you think that you have a sinus infection or COVID-19.
What Are Todays Most Popular Antibiotics For Sinus Infections Models
There are many antibiotics for sinus infections items accessible today for men and women seeking quality and reliability. Every antibiotics for sinus infections model follows the same essential premise. But they appeal to various users.Its no secret that certain products appeal to specific populations. What if you could see which products were the most popular across all consumers? You can, and weve got the list. Check out our collection of products that appear to appeal to all ages, genders, and locations.
Don’t Miss: Best Medicine For Sinus Congestion And Sneezing
Do Natural Antibiotics Work
Natural antibiotics have been used for thousands of years, and now clinical research is finally catching up and discovering the ability of some powerful foods and herbs, able to destroy the most virulent bacteria.
From Strep Throat to UTIs and Sinus Infections you dont have to look further than your kitchen to find the most powerful natural antibiotics waiting for you to use them without making you sicker later.
Some of the foods and herbs youll find below can be consumed in their original state.
Some gain higher potency when made into tea or tinctures or extracts. Others are best used as essential oils or made into vegetarian non-GMO capsules.
In this post, youll find the complete list of natural antibiotics, how to and when to use them, and the research to back them.
How To Choose The Most Popular Antibiotics For Sinus Infections
The three most crucial criteria to consider are price, quality, and popularity.Price is an obvious factor to consider, as you want to ensure it is acceptable for your needs.Quality should also be examined because buying a low-quality goods will not help you achieve your main aim of obtaining the best product.Finally, while not as obvious as price or quality, popularity can be just as significant as both when it comes to attracting new customers.
You May Like: Nevada Ear And Sinus Institute Reviews
Sinus Infection Antibiotics & Your Care
SmartDocMD takes the approach of understanding that Antibiotics are not always the answer for treatment. We at SmartDocMD believe getting the RIGHT care at the RIGHT time is essential. The CDC Division of Infectious Disease has put together a chart that highlights whether or not antibiotics are needed for different diseases. You can view that chart by clicking on the previous link/article titled, Antibiotics Arent Always the Answer. As an informed patient, you should seek out doctors that do not overly prescribe antibiotics for sinus infection when it is unnecessary. We have a commitment to referring to the best online doctor visit.
If youd like to speak to a doctor online, begin here on this website if you think you have a sinus infection that needs to be treated with antibiotics. SmartDocMD is the best way to find an online doctor site. If you think you have a sinus infection, or a common cold and are looking for online doctor prescriptions in California or any other state, begin here. If you wish to take your care further, we will refer you to a partner site and youll receive personalized healthcare online with the best virtual doctor.
Vicks Dayquil Cough Cold And Flu Relief
Vicks DayQuil Cough Cold and Flu Relief are softgels that contains acetaminophen which has been widely used as a pain reliever or fever reducer, dextromethorphan which is an effective cough Suppressant, phenylephrine which is a nasal decongestant. Following the main ingredients, this over-the-counter medicine also has povidone and guaifenesin one has an antibacterial property and the latter is an expectorant that helps clear mucus and phlegm from the chest.
Proven effective in relieving fever, headache, nasal congestion, sinus congestion, sore throat, cough and flu-like symptoms such as minor body aches and pains. Taking this on daytime is not a problem since, unlike the commonly used drugs for colds, Vicks DayQuil Cough Cold and Flu Relief has a non-drowsy formula. To achieve the best effect, take two caplets every four hours. Be mindful that taking this medication should not exceed more than 5 days especially if symptoms get worse. It is still advisable that incase symptoms worsen, please consult a doctor.
Don’t Miss: What Is The Best Remedy For Sinus Headache
Are There Any Preventive Measures We Can Take
A lot of people also use humidifier nowadays. Even when you havent shown any signs of sinus infection, keeping just the right amount of humidity inside your home prevents you from easily catching sinusitis. Dust mites may trigger allergic reactions which are on a higher possibility when your room is either too humid or too dry.
If humidifier is out of your budget, then you can simply keep your home well-ventilated. Opening up your home to allow the air to circulate is really good except on seasons where pollens may be common. Avoid smoking inside the house or using products with really strong fumes such as hairsprays because this can only make your sinus infection worse. If your sinus infection is caused by the season, avoid going out if not really necessary, or at least prepare the things that you might need in order to lessen the chances of inhaling pollens in the air.
Most Sinus Infections Dont Require Antibiotics
Ah, sinus infections. The New England Journal of Medicine published a clinical practice review of acute sinus infections in adults, that is, sinus infections of up to four weeks. The need for an updated review was likely spurred by the disconcerting fact that while the vast majority of acute sinus infections will improve or even clear on their own without antibiotics within one to two weeks, most end up being treated with antibiotics.
It is this discrepancy that has clinical researchers and public health folks jumping up and down in alarm, because more unnecessary prescriptions for antibiotics mean more side effects and higher bacterial resistance rates. But on the other hand, while 85% of sinus infections improve or clear on their own, theres the 15% that do not. Potential complications are rare, but serious, and include brain infections, even abscesses.
You May Like: How Do You Relieve Sinus Pressure In Your Head
Throat Irritation And Cough
As discharge from your sinuses drains down the back of your throat, it can cause irritation, especially over a long period of time. This can lead to a persistent and annoying cough, which can be worse when lying down to sleep or first thing in the morning after getting up from bed.
It can also make sleeping difficult. Sleeping upright or with your head elevated can help reduce the frequency and intensity of your coughing.
Is It Time To Get A New Antibiotics For Sinus Infections
Youre looking for a new antibiotics for sinus infections. What do you think? Its difficult to predict future price changes. If there are no signs of production slowing, it can be worth buying now to enjoy your investment sooner. But if output is declining and prices are predicted to rise, you might want to wait until the buzz has died down before making a choice.
Also Check: Sinus Headache For 3 Days
Things That Act Like Sinus Infections But Arent
One of the confusing things about sinusitis is that the symptoms are similar to other conditions. It can be difficult to determine if the symptoms mean the presence of a sinus infection, a very bad cold, an allergy attack, asthma or a deviated septum.
For example, a deviated septum can contribute to sinus infections. It can cause facial pain and congestion in one or both nostrils. The septum is the middle wall of bone separating both nasal passages and when it becomes crooked, its referred to as a deviated septum. As a result, one nasal cavity is narrower than the other and can become congested.
If nasal polyps are large enough, they will cause the same symptoms as chronic sinus infections, or cause an actual sinus infection.
All of these symptoms can easily be confusing and make it challenging to find the right treatment. An ear, nose, throat specialist can determine the cause of the symptoms and make an accurate diagnosis that will lead to effective treatments.