Symptoms Of Sinus Infection
- the dazed feeling within the head,
- lack of scent, and burning and tearing eyes It leads to a swollen face, stuffy nostril, and a thick mucous discharge
The nasal sinuses are situated within the bones surrounding the eyes and nostril They assist your voice to sound fuller and richer Additionally, they support retailer overflow phlegm at the time of sickness.
Sinusitis is an irritation of the nasal sinuses that typically happens along with higher respiratory infection. Colds or bacterial and viral infections unfold into the sinuses
Sinus Infections Can Be Contagious
Unfortunately, others may be able to catch your sinus infection, depending on whats behind it.
Viral infections can be contagious, but chronic sinusitis is often not. Bacterial sinusitis is not contagious, but you can spread viruses, which are a common cause of sinus infections, Dr. Hur says.
Throwing away dirty tissues after use and washing your hands can help prevent spreading sinusitis.
How To Drain Sinuses
This article was co-authored by Laura Marusinec, MD. Dr. Marusinec is a board certified Pediatrician at the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, where she is on the Clinical Practice Council. She received her M.D. from the Medical College of Wisconsin School of Medicine in 1995 and completed her residency at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Pediatrics in 1998. She is a member of the American Medical Writers Association and the Society for Pediatric Urgent Care.There are 9 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article received 14 testimonials and 81% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 962,290 times.
Sinus congestion due to an upper respiratory infection or allergies can be annoying, but it can also affect your ability to get quality sleep and impact your productivity at work. Prolonged sinus congestion can lead to sinus infections. These conditions can cause symptoms such as nasal congestion, thick green or purulent nasal discharge, facial pain, pressure headaches, cough, and a low grade fever. If you are dealing with nasal congestion, there are many ways you can drain your sinuses.
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Can I Beat A Bacterial Sinus Infection Without Antibiotics
It is possible to beat a bacterial sinus infection without antibiotics! While antibiotics are necessary for certain bacterial infections, they can weaken your immune system if they are relied upon too heavily as they do not differentiate between good and bad bacteria. Approximately 70 percent of sinus infections clear up without the use of antibiotics. However, if you continue to have symptoms for longer than a week to 10 days, it is a good idea to consider antibiotics to clear up your sinus infection. If left untreated, severe sinus infections can become chronic. When you come to Oak Park Urgent Care, one of our excellent physicians can go over treatment options with you and whether they believe antibiotics are necessary or if an alternative treatment can work just as well. If you view antibiotics as a last resort, let your doctor know, and we will do our best to accommodate that.
If you are looking for an urgent care clinic with physicians specializing in ear, throat, and sinus infections, we welcome you to Oak Park Urgent Care! Walk-in for an on-the-spotappointment at24661 Coolidge Hwy in Oak Park, Michigan. Our doors are open from 8:00 AM to 9:00 PM on Monday through Friday and from 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM on weekends.
Additional Services We Offer
When To See A Doctor
- Severe ear pain
- A fever over 104 degrees F . Note: A baby under three months of age who has a temperature over 100.4 degrees F is an emergency situation and needs immediate medical attention, even if no other symptoms are present.
- acts sluggish, looks or acts very sick, or is crying and cannot be soothed
- Walk is not steady
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Give It Time And Treat As Needed
Acute sinusitis typically goes away on its own in seven to 10 days. If it lasts longer, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. Your doctor may also perform an allergy test if they suspect your sinusitis is a result of allergies.
Chronic sinusitis is different and treating it requires more time and patience. A combination of medications including nasal steroid sprays, oral steroids and mucus-thinning drugs may help ease symptoms. Since its not usually caused by bacterial infection, antibiotics arent the go-to treatment.
To diagnose this common condition, your doctor may use an endoscope to see inside your nose or he or she may order a CT scan or MRI to see if you have a deviated nasal septum or growths .
Sinus Infection Symptoms Follow A Different Path Than Colds
You may be able to tell if you have a sinus infection, depending on how your symptoms progress.
Most cases begin as a common cold, and symptoms usually go away in 7 to 10 days. In some cases, a bacterial infection develops.
Typically, the length of symptoms helps us tell if the patient has a sinus infection or a cold, Dr. Hur says. Cold symptoms usually improve within one to two weeks, though a cold can evolve into a sinus infection, which generally lasts longer without treatment. Also, a cold can affect other areas beyond the nose, such as the throat.
If you have bacterial sinusitis, you might experience the following:
- Fever greater than 102 degrees Fahrenheit
- Nasal drainage or postnasal drainage that looks very discolored or thick, like pus
- A double worsening, meaning that you start to get better but then feel worse again
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How Can I Prevent A Sinus Infection
One of the best ways to prevent chronic sinusitis is to avoid the initial infection. Follow these tips:
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for a least 20 seconds, especially when coming into contact with commonly used surfaces. If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer.
- Avoid anyone with a cold, flu or other respiratory illness.
- Stop smoking or avoid secondhand smoke.
If you have a sinus infection, stay home, if you can. Remember to practice the following safety measure so that you avoid making others sick:
How Do You Get Rid Of A Sinus Infection
Sinusitis symptoms are notoriously unbearable. Finding relief from the congestion, sinus pain, and sore runny nose can be difficult and uncomfortable.
In many cases, people turn to natural remedies and/or over-the-counter treatments to help relieve their physical discomforts, such as headaches, congestion, and mucus build-up.
In more serious cases, its good to consult a physician to discuss prescription options, such as corticosteroids, antibiotics, or antifungal medicines. These medications are often delivered intranasally , with the use of a nasal nebulizer device.
Nasal washing or irrigation with saline or a common over the counter nasal safe medicine can help reduce the excess mucus build-up and relieve other symptoms of post nasal drip, such as hacking and coughing.
Using compounding pharmacies to compound a sinus medication specifically for your needs, incorporating soothing ingredients to eliminate dry nose, can be very effective, especially when delivered appropriately to the infected and irritated areas.
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Treatment For Sinusitis From A Gp
If you have sinusitis, a GP may be able to recommend other medicines to help with your symptoms, such as:
- steroid nasal sprays or drops â to reduce the swelling in your sinuses
- antihistamines â if an allergy is causing your symptoms
- antibiotics â if a bacterial infection is causing your symptoms and you’re very unwell or at risk of complications
You might need to take steroid nasal sprays or drops for a few months. They sometimes cause irritation, sore throats or nosebleeds.
A GP may refer you to an ear, nose and throat specialist if, for example, you:
- still have sinusitis after 3 months of treatment
- keep getting sinusitis
- only have symptoms on 1 side of your face
They may also recommend surgery in some cases.
Sinusitis May Or May Not Need Antibiotics
You might not need antibiotics however, for acute sinusitis due to a bacterial infection, antibiotics can help decrease the length of symptoms and lessen their severity.
If a sinus infection lasts more than one to two weeks, it is more likely to be a bacterial infection, so antibiotics and/or oral steroids may need to be prescribed, Dr. Hur says. Sinus infections that do not improve with antibiotics may need to be treated with surgery.
Talk to your doctor to see whether or not you should be treated with antibiotics.
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Yoga Can Help Drain Mucus From Sinus Passageways
If you are in the midst of a sinus infection, a supported yoga pose where your head is elevated will help you feel better without putting too much pressure on your sinuses, says Leslie Kazadi, a certified yoga therapist who teaches around Los Angeles and online at YogisAnonymous.com.
One pose Kazadi suggests is Supported Reclined Cobblers Pose.
How to Try Supported Reclined Cobblers Yoga Pose
What Kind Of Infections Can You Get From A Cpap Machine
While CPAP machines do not cause infections in and of themselves, using dirty equipment can enhance the risk of developing an illness. Water and mucus buildup in the mask and tube promotes microbial growth that could lead to sinus infections, pneumonia, bronchitis, respiratory infections, and allergic reactions like coughing and sneezing.
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Schedule An Exam With A Local Ent
Are you tired of chronic, recurring sinus infections? Then its time to talk to a specialist about your treatment options. Our team provides the individualized care that you deserve, including one-on-one treatment with an ENT. We get to the root of the problem with an accurate diagnosis, then custom-design a treatment plan based on the unique needs of each patient.
What Else Can I Do To Find Relief
Theres plenty you can do at home to ease your symptoms. Speak to your doctor to find options that are specific to your case. But here are some of the likely suggestions:
- Put a warm compress on your nose and forehead to relieve sinus pressure.
- Sit in a steamy bathroom or put a towel over your head and lean over a pot of boiled water.
- Try nasal steroids and decongestants, such as Afrin®. Sinus pressure can sometimes be caused by simple congestion, Dr. Nass says. And that congestion can be relieved by using an over-the-counter nasal steroid spray, nasal saline irrigations and steam inhalations. But if symptoms persist for more than 10 days, consult your doctor, adds Dr. Nass. Never use decongestant nasal sprays or oral decongestant tablets unless approved by your doctor. And never use decongestant nasal sprays for more than 5 days under any circumstances.
- Use OTC pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to ease discomfort.
- Prioritize sleep, and drink plenty of fluids.
- Flush your sinuses with saline . This is known as nasal irrigation. When the saline goes through the nasal passages, it can sometimes clear away mucus and allergens.
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Should I Go To An Ent For A Sinus Infection
For a sinus infection, you dont need to see an ear, nose, and throat specialist initially unless your symptoms do not go away with regular treatment from a general practitioner. If your symptoms do not go away, your general practitioner can send a referral for you to see an ENT specialist. In general, you should consider seeing an ENT specialist if you feel that you are relying too heavily on antibiotics without apparent success, if surgery has been recommended, or if you would like a second opinion about the need for surgery. If you are dealing with a sinus infection, we recommend that you come and see one of our board-certified physicians at Oak Park Urgent Care! They can evaluate your symptoms, provide treatment, and determine if seeing an ENT specialist is necessary. Other signs that likely warrant the expertise of an ENT specialist include the following:
- Balance problems or dizziness
- Injury to or nerve problems with your ear, nose, or throat
You Have A Crooked Or Deviated Septum That Is Hindering Your Sinus Drainage Pathways
A crooked or deviated septum can cause a blockage of the sinus drainage pathway, which often results in an infection.
Dr. Payam Daneshrad, ENT specialist and facial plastic surgeon at Daneshrad Clinic, told INSIDER that although a course of antibiotics will treat the immediate infection until the underlying obstruction is surgically corrected, youre at a higher risk of developing frequent sinus infections.
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Did Your Sinus Infection Really Go Away
Related to a viral, fungal, or bacterial infection, sinusitis is generally categorized as:
- Acute sinusitis, typically lasting 2-4 weeks
- Subacute sinusitis, lasting from 4-12 weeks
- Recurrent sinusitis that occurs several times a year
- Chronic sinusitis, diagnosed when your symptoms persist for 12 weeks or longer
Its important to note that acute sinusitis can improve after a couple of days but then appear to return, sometimes with more severe symptoms. This, however, is a worsening of the original illness and not a new or recurrent sinus infection. Recurrent sinusitis is that which occurs four or more times a year without any symptoms between these episodes.
Your evaluation at Petoskey ENT Specialists starts with a detailed discussion of your symptoms as your provider investigates the potential causes of your sinusitis and your best treatment options.
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How Do Sinus Infections Start
Sinusitis occurs when the lining of the sinus or nasal cavity becomes inflamed. What can start as inflammation in your sinuses from a respiratory infection, allergies or environmental pollutants can spark a sinus infection when the lining of the sinuses becomes inflamed and swollen, causing mucus to become trapped and germs to grow.
“Once you have a cold or upper respiratory tract infection, that virus can then settle into the sinuses and cause inflammation as well,” said Dr. Mas Takashima, an otolaryngologist and chair of Houston Methodist ENT Specialists. “About 95% of sinusitis is caused by a virus making it much more common than bacterial sinusitis. Viral sinusitis is also much more infectious as well.”
Certain conditions, such as having allergies, asthma or a respiratory infection, can make people more susceptible to getting chronic sinus infections, and it is important that these patients be evaluated to address the cause and not just the sinusitis symptoms.
“There are many causes of chronic sinusitis. “Patients with a weakened immune system are more prone to getting recurrent acute sinusitis,” explains Dr. Takashima. “Sometimes, however, the issue may be anatomy, such as a deviated septum , scarring from previous sinus surgery, or nasal polyps, which result from chronic inflammation in the nose. Once the polyps get to a certain size, they rarely regress on their own and they narrow the sinus drainage pathways.”
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What Are The Different Types Of Sinus Infections
Sinusitis is categorized based on how long the condition lasts as well as its frequency:
- Acute sinusitis usually lasts a few weeks, but less than a month. There is a subcategory of acute sinusitis, called recurrent acute sinusitis, which occurs when someone gets four or more sinus infections in a year, with symptoms resolving after each one.
- Subacute sinusitis lasts one to three months.
- Chronic sinusitis lasts three months or more.
How You Can Treat Sinusitis Yourself
You can often treat mild sinusitis without seeing a GP by:
- getting plenty of rest
- taking painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen
- avoiding allergic triggers and not smoking
- cleaning your nose with a salt water solution to ease congestion
If you have a high temperature or you do not feel well enough to do your normal activities, try to stay at home and avoid contact with other people until you feel better.
You do not need to use all of the solution, but make a fresh solution each time you clean your nose.
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Treating Sinus Infections Without Antibiotics
There are also complications that can develop with dependency on these drugs. The more antibiotics are used the less effective they can become, with possible side effects like dizziness, stomach problems and rashes.
Instead of turning to antibiotics, Alan Conway, M.D., family physician at Mayo Clinic Health System Franciscan Healthcare in Tomah, suggests some alternative methods of treatment. Dr. Conway says, First of all, you should give yourself enough rest. Your body needs the time to fight the infection with full force, especially in the first few days when symptoms are the most severe.
Dr. Conway also says. Watch out for over-the-counter products that contain oxymetazoline. These products may relieve symptoms for a few days, but they can cause congestion if used longer than three days. Instead, use generic pseudoephedrine pills if you are stuffed up for more than three days.
Sinus infections can turn into a bacterial infection, due to the prolonged blockage in the sinus cavity. It is not easy to determine whether the infection is viral or bacterial, considering that the symptoms are the same for both. Even if the infection becomes bacterial, 70% of the time the infection will go away within two weeks without antibiotics.
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