Your Nose Is Dry Due To Cold Weather
When its cold outside, the air is dry. This situation calls for dry air heaters in our cars and homes to stay warm, but a dry nose tends to bleed due to the vascular nature of the inside of the nose. It will crack when dry just like our skin. Winter weather exacerbates this dryness, making it the most common reason for nosebleeds.
The best cure is to have humidifiers in the home, stay hydrated, and use petroleum jelly to soften and moisturize the lining of the nose.
Nasal Congestion Or Respiratory Infections
You may experience bleeding when blowing your nose because of nasal congestion or a respiratory infection. Frequent blowing of the nose may create broken blood vessels. This can also occur if you sneeze or cough frequently, such as when you have a respiratory condition. You may experience nasal congestion or respiratory infections from a common cold, allergies, sinusitis, or another health condition.
Causes Of Nose Bleeding
The two most common reasons adults or children get nosebleeds are nasal dryness and trauma to the nose.
Recurrent irritation to nasal tissue can also cause nosebleeds. This includes a lot of sneezing or nose-blowing for example, during a cold, sinus infection, or allergic reaction, or from a chronic runny nose or ongoing exposure to chemical irritants.
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Pregnancy Tumor: A Rare Cause Of Nosebleeds
Also known as a pyogenic granuloma, a pregnancy tumor is a noncancerous, rapidly growing mass of capillary blood vessels that bleeds easily. Research suggests the masses form due to the influx of hormones during pregnancy.
Approximately 5% of pregnant women develop pregnancy tumors, which typically form in the gums between the teeth but can also form in the nose. The masses can appear anywhere on the body and generally disappear after the baby is born.
Treatment usually consists of either a medicated gel or nasal spray, which helps control bleeding. Some women need to have the tumor removed if it is causing breathing problems or excessive nosebleeds. The exact procedure to remove the tumor depends on where the tumor is located. For pregnancy tumors of the nose, most can be removed endoscopically without any external incisions or stitches.
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Why A Sinus Infection Might Cause A Nosebleed
Your nose is full of fragile blood vessels and these are prone to rupturing. Its something that happens to millions of Americans every year and 60% will have at least one nosebleed during their lifetime.
When you have a sinus infection, your nose, and the vessels within, are placed under a great deal of stress. For instance, you may:
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Check If You Have Sinusitis
Sinusitis is common after a cold or flu.
Symptoms of sinusitis include:
- pain, swelling and tenderness around your cheeks, eyes or forehead
- a blocked nose
- a reduced sense of smell
- green or yellow mucus from your nose
- a sinus headache
- bad breath
Signs of sinusitis in young children may also include irritability, difficulty feeding, and breathing through their mouth.
The sinuses are small, empty spaces behind your cheekbones and forehead that connect to the inside of the nose.
Sinusitis causes the lining of the sinuses to swell up.
This stops mucus draining into your nose and throat properly, making you feel blocked up.
Are There Different Types Of Nosebleeds
There are two types of nosebleeds. Nosebleeds, also known as epistaxis, happens when the blood vessels in the nose sustain an injury or become damaged in a way which causes the nose to bleed. The two types of nosebleeds are classified as anterior and posterior. Anterior nosebleeds occur due to damage to the tissues at the front of the nose. Posterior nosebleeds arise due to damage to the tissues at the back of the nose and tend to have heavier blood flow.
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What Causes A Nosebleed
When the membranes lining the inside of the nose dry out and become irritated, the blood vessels break, causing a nosebleed. These are more common in the winter months, when the air is cold and dry. Other factors that may contribute to nosebleeds include:
- Blowing the nose too hard
- Frequent sneezing
- Foreign objects in the nose
- Trauma to the nose
There are two types of nosebleeds, anterior and posterior. Anterior nosebleeds are the most common and are caused by bleeding in the front part of the nose. The bleeding from a posterior nosebleed comes from an artery in the back portion of the nose.
If nosebleeds are chronic or occur frequently, they may be the result of high blood pressure or other vascular diseases or, in rare cases, a serious medical condition like a tumor.
How Can I Stop A Nosebleed
Try these simple tips to stop a nosebleed:
- Get some tissues or a damp cloth to catch the blood.
- Sit up or stand.
- Tilt your head forward and pinch your nostrils together just below the bony center part of your nose. Applying pressure helps stop the blood flow and the nosebleed will usually stop with 10 minutes of steady pressure. Don’t stop applying pressure to keep checking if the bleeding has stopped.
If you get a nosebleed, don’t blow your nose. This can cause more bleeding. Also, don’t tilt your head back. This common practice will cause blood to run into your throat. This can make you cough or choke, and if you swallow a lot of blood, you might vomit.
If you’ve tried the steps above twice and the bleeding continues after the second attempt, you’ll need to see your school nurse or a doctor.
After you’ve stopped the initial nosebleed, don’t lift heavy objects or do other activities that cause you to strain, and try not to blow your nose for 24 hours.
Now that your nosebleed is over, let’s take a look at what a nosebleed is and what can cause it.
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When Is Surgery Recommended For Nosebleeds
Posterior nosebleeds and nosebleeds that dont respond to nonsurgical treatments may require surgery. Minimally invasive surgery can isolate and repair a blood vessel that is the cause of bleeding.
The surgical procedure starts with insertion of an endoscopic tube through the nostrils. The goal is to find and treat the artery that is causing the problem. The blood vessel has many different branchesthe challenge, frankly, is making sure youre finding all the branches, says Dr. Manes. If you dont find them all, you havent done the job.
Endoscopic surgery can be done without an incision and often leaves no scars. Pain is usually mild and recovery quick. While most nosebleed surgery can be done on an outpatient basis, people with more severe conditions may require an overnight hospital stay.
Yale Medicine surgeons are specialists in trans-nasal endoscopy. They use a thin endoscope less than 6 millimeters in diameterabout the width of three stacked nickels. The procedure is easy for patients to tolerate and can be performed without anesthesia.
How To Stop A Nosebleed Yourself
If you have a nosebleed, you should:
- sit down and lean forward, with your head tilted forward
- pinch your nose just above your nostrils for 10 to 15 minutes
- breathe through your mouth
Holding an icepack on the top of the nose may help reduce the blood flow. But the evidence to show it works is not very strong.
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Can I Prevent Nosebleeds
- When you blow your nose , do so gently into a soft tissue. Don’t blow forcefully or pick your nose.
- Your doctor may recommend a cool-mist humidifier to moisten your indoor air.
- Keep the inside of your nose moist with saline nasal spray or gel, or dab petroleum jelly or antibiotic ointment gently around the opening of the nostrils.
- Wear protective athletic equipment when playing sports that could cause injury to the nose.
An occasional nosebleed may make you worry, but there’s no need to panic now you know what to do!
How Do I Stop A Nosebleed
Follow these steps to stop a nosebleed:
- Sit upright and lean your body and your head slightly forward. This will keep the blood from running down your throat, which can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
- Breathe through your mouth.
- Use a tissue or damp washcloth to catch the blood.
- Use your thumb and index finger to pinch together the soft part of your nose. Make sure to pinch the soft part of the nose against the hard bony ridge that forms the bridge of the nose. Squeezing at or above the bony part of the nose will not put pressure where it can help stop the bleeding.
- Keep pinching your nose continuously for at least 5 minutes before checking if the bleeding has stopped. If your nose is still bleeding, continue squeezing the nose for another 10 minutes.
- If youd like, apply an ice pack to the bridge of your nose to further help constrict blood vessels and provide comfort. This is not a necessary step, but you can try this if you want.
- You can spray an over-the-counter decongestant spray, such as oxymetazoline into the bleeding side of the nose and then apply pressure to the nose as described above. WARNING: These topical decongestant sprays should not be used over a long period of time. Doing so can actually cause an increase in the chance of a nosebleed.
- After the bleeding stops, DO NOT bend over, strain and/or lift anything heavy. DO NOT blow or rub your nose for several days.
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Causes Of Staph Infection In Nose:
A staph infection in the nose develops primarily due to impairment of skin tissues within the nasal tract, which can be triggered by:
- Picking the nose in a rash manner
- Injury around the nostrils or within the nasal tract, as well as infection/inflammation from sinusitis
- Frequently rubbing the inner regions of the nose
- Pulling out nasal hairs using a tweezer or plucking them out harshly
- Contamination of open skin areas after nose piercings
What Are The Treatment Options For Chronic Nosebleeds
Treating an anterior nosebleed can be done safely at home. While sitting in an upright position, squeeze the soft part of the nose while keeping both nostrils closed for no less than 10 minutes. Lean forward while breathing through your mouth. Release both nostrils after 10 minutes to check if the bleeding stops. Avoid lying down while trying to stop a nosebleed.
Lying down while trying to stop a nosebleed can cause you to swallow blood, which can upset your stomach. Applying a cold compress on the bridge of the nose or using a nasal decongestant can help with nosebleeds. Posterior nosebleeds are more severe than anterior nosebleeds and should be treated by a medical professional.
If you experience chronic nosebleeds, Dr. Kuperan at Houston Advanced Nose & Sinus can help. At Houston Advanced Nose & Sinus, we treat a variety of nose and sinus conditions, including chronic nasal drip, sinus infection, nosebleeds, nasal obstruction, and other conditions. Feel free to take our sino-nasal quiz before booking an appointment or contacting us.
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Throat Irritation And Cough
As discharge from your sinuses drains down the back of your throat, it can cause irritation, especially over a long period of time. This can lead to a persistent and annoying cough, which can be worse when lying down to sleep or first thing in the morning after getting up from bed.
It can also make sleeping difficult. Sleeping upright or with your head elevated can help reduce the frequency and intensity of your coughing.
What To Do When You Get A Nosebleed
View our video for step-by-step instructions on what to do when you get a bloody nose and tips for preventing nosebleeds in the future.
If your nosebleeds occur more than three to four times per week, or six or more times in a month despite following these tips, please contact your health care provider. Patients who take anticoagulation medication and experience frequent and/or more severe nosebleeds should call 734-936-8051 for an urgent appointment.
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Causes Or Risk Factors For Nasal Mrsa Infection
As we mentioned above many people roughly around 2% of the population have MRSA colonization in the nose. Then, how come some people get MRSA nasal infections and some will not? Well, the answer is some people are at increased risk or have certain causes that make them more vulnerable for MRSA nasal infections. Like other areas any break in the nasal mucosa allows the MRSA to infect the nose.
Nasal mucosa can be breached by-
- Picking your nose
- Plucking or tweezing the nose hairs.
I Get Frequent Nosebleeds Whats The Cause Should I Be Concerned
There are many non-serious reasons why you may be getting frequent nosebleeds. The most common are:
- Frequent use of nasal sprays for treatment of allergy symptoms or colds/congestion. You may need to stop using these drugs for a short period of time or may need to stop them altogether. Talk with your doctor if you use these products.
- Living in dry air conditions.
- Snorting drugs into your nose.
In rare cases, repeated nosebleeds could be a sign of a bleeding disorder or other more serious conditions. If you have frequent nosebleeds, please see your doctor.
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When Is A Nosebleed A Serious Event
Seeing blood coming out of your nose is a scary sight for many people. The good news is that most nosebleeds are not serious and can be managed at home. However, see your doctor or get emergency medical attention if you are losing a heavy amount of blood, if you cannot stop your nosebleed after 20 minutes of trying or have had an immediate injury to your head, face or nose. Make an appointment to see your doctor if you have frequent nosebleeds.
Your Nose Bleeds Nonstop For 20 Minutes
Most healthy people should be able to stop a bloody nose at home in 20 minutes or less. Try leaning slightly forward and gently pinching your nostrils together. This helps the blood clot. If you have a bleeding disorder it may take longer.
If you have a condition like hemophilia, which causes problems with blood clotting, talk to your healthcare provider. If you are on blood-thinning medications, you should also seek medical help.
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Treatment For Sinusitis From A Gp
If you have sinusitis, a GP may be able to recommend other medicines to help with your symptoms, such as:
- steroid nasal sprays or drops â to reduce the swelling in your sinuses
- antihistamines â if an allergy is causing your symptoms
- antibiotics â if a bacterial infection is causing your symptoms and you’re very unwell or at risk of complications
You might need to take steroid nasal sprays or drops for a few months. They sometimes cause irritation, sore throats or nosebleeds.
A GP may refer you to an ear, nose and throat specialist if, for example, you:
- still have sinusitis after 3 months of treatment
- keep getting sinusitis
- only have symptoms on 1 side of your face
They may also recommend surgery in some cases.
Sinus Pain And Pressure
Fluid trapped in the sinuses can fill the sinus cavities, causing intense pain and pressure. The sinuses may be sensitive to the touch. A person may have an urge to sneeze but be unable to do so.
The pain can be in the cheeks, around the eyes and nose, or in the forehead because these areas are where the sinuses are. Bending over may make the pain worse.
Sometimes, the pressure and pain are intense enough to interfere with sleep.
Sinusitis may also cause the tissue in the nose to swell.
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Sore Throat And Hoarse Voice
Postnasal drip can leave you with a raw and aching throat. Although it may start as an annoying tickle, it can get worse.
If your infection lasts for a few weeks or more, mucus can irritate and inflame your throat as it drips, resulting in a painful sore throat and hoarse voice. Frequent coughing and throat clearing can make a hoarse voice worse.
What Is A Sinus Infection
A sinus infection, medically known as sinusitis or rhinosinusitis, occurs when your nasal cavities become infected, swollen, and inflamed. Fluid buildup in the sinuses can cause germs to grow, leading to a sinus infection.
Sinusitis is usually caused by a virus and often lasts even after other upper respiratory symptoms are gone. In some cases, bacteria or, rarely, fungus may cause a sinus infection.
Other conditions such as allergies, nasal polyps, and tooth infections can also contribute to sinus pain and symptoms.
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What Causes Nosebleeds And How To Prevent Them
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Several reasons can cause nosebleeds. Some people experience nose bleeds if they have high blood pressure, allergies or sinus problems.
These three causes are relatively common, and there is an easy way to prevent them: treatments for the underlying cause. However, many people may not know what the real reason for their bleeding noses might be. So, below are some less common causes for nosebleeds and prevention tips that you can use.