What Are The Symptoms Of A Cataract
Cataracts are a common part of the eyes aging process. Eventually, they can cause:
- Vision thats cloudy, blurry, foggy or filmy.
- Sensitivity to bright sunlight, lamps or headlights.
- Glare , especially when you drive at night with oncoming headlights.
- Prescription changes in glasses, including sudden nearsightedness.
- Difficulty seeing at night .
- Changes in the way you see color.
What Are The Symptoms And Signs Of Cataracts
The vision when one has a cataract is similar looking through a dirty windshield of a car or smearing grease over the lens of a camera or your glasses. Cataracts may cause a variety of complaints and visual changes, including blurred vision, difficulty with glare , dull color vision, increased nearsightedness accompanied by frequent changes in eyeglass prescription, and occasionally, double vision in one eye. A change in glasses may initially help once vision begins to change from a cataract. However, as the cataract continues to become denser, vision also becomes cloudier, and stronger glasses or contact lenses will no longer improve sight. Some people with cataracts may experience symptoms of vision problems with only a mild cataract in one eye, while others may not notice any visual abnormalities until both eyes develops significant cataracts.
Cataracts typically develop gradually and are usually not painful or associated with any eye redness or other symptoms unless they become extremely advanced. Rapid and/or painful changes in vision raise suspicion for other eye diseases and should be evaluated by an eye-care professional.
Vision After Cataract Surgery
If you have any problem with sensitivity to sunlight after cataract surgery, eyeglasses with, which darken automatically to UV rays, can often provide relief.
Some of these individuals may benefit from other procedures or from low vision aids.
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Treating Posterior Capsule Opacity
Fortunately, a YAG laser can treat posterior capsule opacity safely, effectively and painlessly. This procedure, known asYAG laser capsulotomy, can often be performed in your cataract surgeon’s office.
YAG laser capsulotomy involves just a few simple steps:
The eye is usually dilated with dilating eye drops before the procedure.
A laser removes the hazy posterior capsule from your line of sight without making an incision or “touching” the eye.
Many ophthalmologists will recommend anti-inflammatory eye drops following the procedure.
A procedure called a YAG laser capsulotomy can quickly restore vision following posterior capsular opacification.
A laser capsulotomy is a relatively simple, in-office procedure that takes only a few minutes. A laser beam is directed at the cloudy capsule behind the intraocular lens and the energy from the laser vaporizes the tissue, restoring clear vision.
This process takes only a few minutes and is entirely painless, both during and after the procedure.
You will need to remain still during the procedure. Some patients, such as children or those with mental disabilities, may need to be sedated.
Following a YAG laser capsulotomy, you may resume normal activities immediately. You may experience some floaters afterward, but these should resolve within a few weeks.
Most people can expect their vision to improve within a day. As with any eye procedure, however, call your eye doctor immediately if vision worsens or fails to improve.
Can Cataracts Be Prevented
Developing cataracts is a typical part of aging. You can take a few steps to protect your eye health and slow the process:
- Wear sunglasses and a hat with a brim to keep sun out of your eyes.
- Get regular eye care. Have your eyes dilated once every two years after age 60. Surgery may be easier if you get treated sooner.
What Does Cataract Surgery Aftercare Entail
Your cataract surgery recovery time will depend on the severity of the condition and how well the operation went. In some cases, you may experience mild discomfort, itching, and mild fluid discharge after cataract surgery. Your eyes may also be sensitive to touch or bright lights. These symptoms should disappear after one or two days.
Your doctor may suggest that you use eye drops for approximately two weeks after surgery to speed up the healing process and reduce the risk of infection. You may also need to wear eyeglasses or eye shields to help protect your eye while it heals. Its also important not to rub or touch your eye while its healing.
Research shows that it may take several weeks before your eyes are completely healed. During this time, your doctor may ask to see you regularly to make sure you are healing properly.
Here are some tips to help you while recovering at home:
- Drink lots of water to help keep your body hydrated
Keep in mind that after your surgery, it is possible to develop a second cataract in the same eye. This occurs when the back part of your lens that was not removed during the procedure and supports the artificial lens capsule becomes cloudy and impairs your vision.
What Causes Binocular Vision Dysfunction
The eyes are controlled by the extraocular muscles the muscles which enable our eyes to move up, down and all around. These muscles are directed by signals from the brain, which controls the eyes and directs them to focus the images the eyes see individually into one clear image. Binocular Vision Dysfunction occurs when the eyes move out of alignment with each other, making it impossible for them to form focused images. As a result of this misalignment, the eye muscles become sore and stressed as the brain works to correct this problem, leading to the previously mentioned symptoms of headaches, dizziness and blurred vision, among other things. The most common type of this condition is known as Vertical Heterophoria .
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Cataract Symptoms In Humans: What Are The Symptoms Of Cataracts
Signs and symptoms of cataracts may vary from person to person. Early cataract symptoms might be hard to catch. This is why youll want to make regular appointments with your eye doctor.
The most common symptom of cataracts is blurry vision. Other people such as your doctor might be able to see your lens become cloudy.
Here are some other common symptoms of cataracts:
- Certain lights become too bright for your eyes, such as headlights, lamps or even the sunlight
- Double vision or seeing multiple images in one or both eyes
- The need to change your prescription eyeglasses frequently
Its important to note that these symptoms might be a sign of a more serious condition in addition to or in place of cataracts. Always see a doctor for the correct diagnosis of cataracts and other eye diseases.
Swelling Of The Macula
The macula is in the center of the retina. It is the area of your vision in which you see images most sharply and clearly. Fluid can build up in the macula after cataract surgery. This causes swelling known as edema. The fluid buildup may start a few weeks after surgery.
Eye drops can reduce the swelling, so the condition usually doesnt last too long.
Only about 1% to 3% of people who have cataract surgery develop macular edema. Still, its the most common cause of vision loss after cataract surgery. This swelling happens much more often than retinal detachment or endophthalmitis.
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How Soon Will My Vision Improve After Surgery
You may have some blurriness for a few days after cataract removal. But you should notice improved vision within the first several weeks. Nine out of 10 people see better after cataract removal.
You still may need to wear glasses or contacts after cataract surgery. Your prescription may change, so be prepared to buy a new pair of eyeglasses or contacts. If youve had laser vision repair , you may need to repeat it or wear glasses or contacts after cataract removal.
Can Cataracts Be Cured
Once you develop cataracts, surgery is the only way to cure cataracts. Some research shows that in the future, eye drops may cure cataracts without the need for surgery. One study found that lanosterol, a steroid that is naturally occurring in the body, greatly reduced the formation of protein on the lens in in-vitro and in cell-transfection experiments when given to dogs in the form of eye drops. This is exciting news for future treatments of cataracts. However, for the time being, surgery is the only option.
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Day To Day Life With Poor Vision
Changes to your vision can make it harder to get around. At first, this won’t be easy.
Following surgery to remove your eyeball, the main thing you will notice is that it’s a lot harder to judge the distance between objects. For example, if you are pouring water into something, it may be harder to do this without spilling it. You might also find that your sense of balance is affected.
But you will get used to this and adjust. You might also find that you turn your head a lot more to the affected side to make yourself aware of objects around you.
When To Have Cataract Surgery
Your doctor can tell you when cataract surgery is necessary. Typically, a person with cataracts will need to have surgery once the condition becomes so bad that it affects their vision as well as their daily life activities. This includes your ability to read, drive, and watch television. When this occurs, its best to schedule surgery right away to avoid accidents and other problems related to loss of vision.
Some people with cataracts may never need to have surgery if the problem does not affect their vision.
Your doctor may ask you the following questions to help determine whether or not you need surgery:
- Can you see well enough to drive safely and do your job?
- Does your vision affect your ability to read or watch television?
- Do you find it difficult to do housework, yard work, climb stairs, cook, or shop?
- Do you find it hard to see bright lights?
- Do colors appear dull and faded to you?
- Does your vision affect your independence? In other words, do you rely on others to help read things for you or assist you while walking and/or driving?
- Are you able to see clearly at night?
- Do you see a halo around lights or do lights affect your ability see?
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Reasons For Headaches After Surgery
Cataract surgery and cataracts themselves are unlikely to cause headaches. A cataract is a clouding of the lens that can impact vision. Impaired vision can cause things like eye strain and squinting that can lead to headaches and discomfort.
Side effects of cataract surgery can include the following:
- Seeing halos or glares around lights
Typically, the pain, swelling, and redness that can occur after cataract surgery go away in a few days to a couple weeks after the operation. Discomfort and pain in and around the eye and site of the incision can feel like a headache. This can usually be managed with an over-the-counter analgesic medication and/or anti-inflammatory eye drops.
Headaches after cataract surgery are not common, but it is possible to experience discomfort and eye pain. This discomfort is usually not cause for concern and can be taken care of easily at home.
How Are Cataracts Removed
During cataract surgery, the surgeon removes the clouded lens and replaces it with an artificial lens implant. The new lens is clear, shaped to fit your eye and personalized to your vision needs.
Cataract removal takes about an hour. Its done with local anesthesia . Your doctor will use eye drops or a shot to numb your eye. Youll be awake, but you wont feel or see the procedure.
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How Much Is Cataract Surgery
Youll want to check to see if the cataract surgery procedure is covered by your insurance. Cataract surgery cost can vary depending on your coverage.
According to some research, the cost of out-of-pocket cataract surgery is approximately $3,500 per eye. This amount reflects the portion of the surgery that is not usually covered by insurance or medicare. However, laser surgeries can be much more. The best thing to do is to get a referral by your doctor and contact your insurance company to determine what your out-of-pocket costs would be.
What Types Of Doctors Perform Cataract Surgery
An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who has specialized in the diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment of eye diseases. An ophthalmologist has the knowledge and training to diagnose a cataract, help you make a decision regarding the need for surgery, and can perform the surgery, including preoperative and postoperative care.
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Orbital Abscess Subperiosteal Abscess
Abscesses, or pockets of pus, around the eye caused by bacterial, fungal or parasitic infections in the sinuses or eyes can be opened and drained through the nose using an endoscope and minimally invasive surgical instrumentation. The natural nasal opening allows surgeons to address these vision-threatening diseases with simple, minimally invasive approaches, which eliminate disfiguring scars.
I Am Experiencing Light Sensitivity
Light sensitivity is another common side effect that typically lasts a few days. As mentioned before, cataracts can cause blurriness which filters light that enters the eye. Once this blurriness subsides, the whole world will seem brighter! Sunglasses will help with this side effect.
While these complications can occur after surgery, many of them are easily treated by eye doctors. Your ophthalmologist will schedule several follow up appointments with you to ensure everything is healing as it should and your vision is improving. If you experience other complications, including loss of vision, serious pain or discomfort, or injury to your eye, you should contact your ophthalmologist immediately.
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How Should I Sleep After Cataract Surgery
You will be provided with a protective shield for your eye that should be worn during sleep for at least the first week after your cataract surgery. This will help you avoid rubbing your eyes and/or causing an accidental injury to your eye while it is in the recovery phase. Aside from the eye shield, this procedure should not require any significant changes to your sleep routine. If you are a side sleeper, it may be beneficial for you to sleep on your non-operative side to help avoid applying any additional pressure as the eye heals. If eye pain or discomfort is affecting your sleep, you should address it with your doctor to help determine potential solutions or treatments.
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What Causes Cataracts In Your Eyes
Many people want to know, How do you get cataracts? Cataracts tend to occur naturally with aging, but this is not always the case. Some people may develop cataracts as early as their 40s or 50s. However, most people who have age-related cataracts do not seek treatment until after age 60.
To understand what causes cataracts, it helps to know how the lens works. As we mentioned before, your lens is located in the back of the eye behind the pupil and iris. It operates similarly to a camera lens by focusing light onto your retina so that an image can be sent to your brain and recorded. Your lens is also responsible for adjusting your eyes focus. This means that it allows you to see things that are both near and far away. The protein that is located in your lens helps keep it clean to let light pass through so that it can reach your retina.
However, during the natural aging process, these proteins may clump together and cause an area of your lens to become cloudy. This is how a cataract forms. The cataract may then grow bigger over time so that your entire field of vision becomes blurry and it becomes harder to see. Research shows that other aspects may also contribute to cataracts, such as diabetes and smoking. Other factors that put you at risk for cataracts are certain diseases, drinking alcohol, and overexposure to ultraviolet sunlight. But in most cases, the natural process of aging causes wear and tear on your eyes that give way to cataracts.
What Complications Can I Expect After Cataract Surgery
If you are one of the many Americans suffering from cataracts, blurry vision and light glare is likely disrupting your daily routine. Many people find that they have problems reading, watching television, and carrying out household tasks. Some people feel like they are losing their independence as their vision problems begin and it becomes difficult to cook, do yard work, or climb stairs. To correct this, many doctors recommend cataract surgery.
Cataract surgery is a common and safe procedure that involves removing the lens of the eye and replacing it with an artificial lens. This will remove cloudiness in your vision and allow you to see more clearly. You can find out if you are a candidate for cataract surgery by reaching out to an ophthalmologist for a screening. Once it is determined that the procedure is right for you, you will be on your way to clearer vision!
Many people wonder what to expect after cataract surgery. A main concern is if complications or side effects will arise after the procedure is through. While the risks are low, there is an increased chance of complications if you have another preexisting eye disease or medical condition.
Here are some common, but minor complications that can occur after cataract eye surgery:
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