How Is Sinus Infection Diagnosed
Diagnosis depends on symptoms and requires an examination of the throat, nose and sinuses. Your allergist will look for:
- Discolored nasal discharge
If your sinus infection lasts longer than eight weeks, or if standard antibiotic treatment is not working, a sinus CT scan may help your allergist diagnose the problem. Your allergist may examine your nose or sinus openings. The exam uses a long, thin, flexible tube with a tiny camera and a light at one end that is inserted through the nose. It is not painful. Your allergist may give you a light anesthetic nasal spray to make you more comfortable.
Mucus cultures: If your sinus infection is chronic or has not improved after several rounds of antibiotics, a mucus culture may help to determine what is causing the infection. Most mucus samples are taken from the nose. However, it is sometimes necessary to get mucus directly from the sinuses.
Knowing what kind of bacteria is causing the infection can lead to more effective antibiotic therapy. A fungus could also cause your sinus infection. Confirming the presence of fungus is important. Fungal sinus infection needs to be treated with antifungal agents, rather than antibiotics. In addition, some forms of fungal sinus infection allergic fungal sinus infection, for example do not respond to antifungal agents and often require the use of oral steroids.
Saline Spray And Sinus Rinses
Using a saline solution, rinse your nose and sinuses with a neti pot or other irrigation system.
You can buy saline solution over the counter or make your own at home with distilled water and saline packets. Saline spray also comes in small bottles that you can spray directly into your nose.
Sinus rinses like these work by flushing mucus out of the nose and sinuses to keep things flowing freely.
Saline also has a natural decongesting effect, meaning it shrinks your swollen nasal tissues and makes it easier for you to breathe through your nose!
What To Do For Sinus Pressure And Pain At Home
Here are the top 10 at-hometreatments to help ease your sinus pain and inflammation to get rid of your sinus infection faster.
Irrigate To Relieve Sinus Pressure
Salt water irrigation is the best way to cleanse the nose and sinuses this can help prevent or relieve sinus pain. You can use an over-the-counter saline nasal spray, but I recommend using a sinus rinse bottle, neti pot, or bulb syringe irrigation kit that you can get at the drugstore, advises Das.
Try this commonly-used, easy-to-make nasal irrigation solution with your own sinus irrigation kit: Fill a clean 8-ounce glass with distilled or sterilized lukewarm water. Do not use tap water unless it has been boiled for at least 1 minute . Add 1/2 teaspoon of non-iodized salt and a pinch of baking soda. And be sure to clean all equipment and make a fresh batch of solution each time you use your kit.
Dont Miss: Can You Get An Infected Tooth Pulled
How Are Sinus Headaches Diagnosed
Most of the time when people diagnose themselves with a sinus headache, its really a migraine. So, its important to see your healthcare provider to get an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Your healthcare provider will perform a physical exam and ask about your symptoms. If your symptoms are severe or ongoing, you may also need imaging tests. A magnetic resonance imaging test can rule out serious brain conditions. Multiple imaging tests can reveal sinus blockages and include:
- Nasal endoscopy .
Read Also: Holistic Treatment For Sinus Congestion
When My Minor Symptoms Became Not
On day six, I woke up with a severe headache one like Iâd never had before, which was scary. It lasted the whole weekend. When I got to work on Monday, I told my doctor about my headache, and he mentioned I could have a sinus infection. But, as a person who hates taking antibiotics unless I really need to, I decided to just wait to see if my symptoms got worse.
Things never really got much worse for me. Just a few days later, I was left with only lingering symptoms a headache and some strange nasal congestion that wasnât really even congestion. About a week and a half after my symptoms had started, I was finally feeling like I was on the mend.
My symptoms started long before COVID-19 was spreading in the community, so I didnt think twice about it being more than just allergies. Plus, I didnt really have any of the most common COVID-19 symptoms. I never had a fever and my cough was slight and infrequent. Looking back, I may have had a little bit of chest pain here and there, but only when Iâd cough which, in itself, was rare.
But, then I got some news.
Dont Miss: Will Cefdinir Treat Sinus Infection
Treatments For Persistent Sinus Infections
After determining what is causing your persistent sinus infections, a doctor will attempt to treat the root cause and minimize the swelling that prevents the drainage of your sinuses.
They typically do this by:
- thinning nasal secretions
Ideally, medical treatments that treat chronic sinusitis symptoms can also prevent them from recurring.
Medical treatments can range, depending on the underlying cause:
Nasal irritation is reduced with intranasal corticosteroids. Examples include mometasone and fluticasone .
They lessen edema, allowing for easier mucus drainage and improved breathing.
Similar to intranasal steroids, oral corticosteroids are pills. They also have impacts on the entire body.
These drugs help clear sinuses and lessen nasal congestion symptoms. They are offered for sale as either oral pills or nasal sprays. Examples include Sudafed or Afrin nasal spray.
However, using nasal decongestant sprays for more than a few days is not advised. If you use them for a long time, they can have the opposite effect.
irrigation with salt
Saline irrigation is an easy technique. It is a cheap method of thinning nasal secretions. Thicker secretions can leave the nasal passages more easily, which lessens the symptoms of chronic sinusitis.
Saline nasal sprays are typically available at pharmacies.
As a result, they frequently recommend anti-inflammatory drugs, including
Also Check: Can Acupuncture Help With Sinus Problems
How Do You Get Rid Of A Sinus Infection Naturally
For those who want to limit their intake of all medications, including over-the-counter drugs, there are several natural home remedies that can provide relief from sinus pressure.
Many home remedies for sinus infections rely on hydration of the nasal passages. This can take the form of anything from holding a warm compress to your face, keeping your head over a bowl of hot water to breath in the steam, or even taking a hot shower. Increasing the amount of moisture in the nasal cavities can help flush irritants out of your nose, which will reduce your inflammation.
One of the most popular ways to treat a sinus infection at home is with the use of a neti pot. This treatment involves nasal irrigation where the sinuses are flushed with saline solution or distilled water either by pouring water from a neti pot or injecting it carefully into the sinuses with a bulb or syringe.
Just because nasal irrigation with a neti pot or small syringe is natural does not mean it is universally safe. It is vital that you use distilled water, as further infection can result from untreated tap water being placed in the sinus cavities. The infections caused by improper use of a neti pot have resulted in death, and for this reason some medical professionals are hesitant to recommend this treatment.
Easy Natural Remedies Help Mucus Flow
In many cases, sinushome remedies including those things your mother told you to do can effectively improve inflamed sinuses, says Anthony Del Signore, MD, assistant professor of otolaryngology at Mount Sinai Beth Israel in New York City.
These treatments sooth irritated passageways and increase the flow of mucus so you dont feel so stuffed up, he explains.
Recommended Reading: How To Cure A Bacterial Sinus Infection
Home Remedies For Sinus Infections: How To Cure A Sinus Infection Naturally
If you are experiencing mild symptoms or if sinusitis is not a regular problem for you, then you may want to consider a sinus infection home remedy. One of the primary ways to help reduce symptoms and eliminate the infection in the sinus cavities is to promote natural drainage of the mucus that is trapped in the sinuses. Most natural remedies involve finding ways to reduce inflammation and increase drainage. These include:
- Increasing water intake: The body needs a minimum level of fluids in order to properly function. Dehydration can prevent the body from healing naturally.
- Vapor or mist: Various types of humidifiers can provide enough additional moisture to break up small blockages in the sinus passage. Once these blockages are clear, the sinuses may drain naturally.
- Sinus rinse or neti pot: These solutions have grown in popularity over the past few years. They work on the idea that a purified saline solution can break up the sinus blockage, clean the sinus cavity, and clear out the infection. When used as directed, they may provide real relief for some patients. Before considering the use of a sinus rinse, the utmost care should be taken to follow all directions. In the case of a severe infection or the misuse of a product, they can cause more damage and potentially increase the severity of an infection.
Recommended Reading: Saline Solution For Eye Infection
What Are Some Natural Remedies For Sinus Infections
Natural solutions are a good way to avoid adverse side effects while still getting relief from your sinus infection symptoms. Home remedies for sinus infections promote natural sinus drainage, reduced inflammation, and the prevention of further infections.
The most effective and safest natural home remedies for sinus infections involve the use of liquid water, vapor, or mist. Water is a good solvent that can penetrate blockages to help mucus drain naturally again. This allows the body to begin the healing process, reduce symptoms, and improve your quality of life.
Don’t Miss: How Do I Know Of I Have A Sinus Infection
Try Quercetin A Powerful Herb Youve Likely Never Heard Of
Quercetin is a natural plant component found in everything from onions and apples to green tea and red wine. Like many plant ingredients, it is an antioxidant. For sinus problems, quercetin has also been found to stabilize the cells in the body that release histamine the chemical that stimulates mucus secretion in the sinuses.
The Alternative Medicine Review article recommends quercetin as helpful for sinusitis, suggesting a typical oral dose of 400 to 500 mg taken three times per day.
How To Pass The Dot Physical
Aside from skill performance evaluation, you need a CDL medical card to qualify to drive and operate a commercial motor vehicle. According to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, qualified drivers can help prevent CMVrelated fatalities and injuries. However, some commercial trucking drivers fail their DOT physicals. A medical examiner
Also Check: What Can I Take For Sinus Pressure And Headache
What Your Doctor Needs To Know
To find out if youâve got more than a bad cold, you need to learn the cause of your symptoms. Your doctor can help you figure out whether you have sinusitis or something else.
Tell your doctor how long youâve had sinus symptoms, and whether theyâve gotten worse or stayed the same. If youâve had them for less than 10 days and theyâre not getting worse, you probably have a viral infection. It will likely go away on its own.
Over-the-counter treatments like saline sprays, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen may help ease symptoms along the way. might reduce the swelling and inflammation temporarily. If you use them, read the directions carefully and only use as directed. Using nasal decongestant sprays for more than a few days could make the congestion worse.
Ingredients In Sinuvil Sinus Relief
Sinuvil Sinus Relief is a homeopathic medicine that contains active ingredients that are listed in the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia of the United States .
Active Ingredients:Apis mellifica, Baptisia tinctoria, Colocynthis, Hepar sulphuris calcareum, Histaminum hydrochloricum, Hydrastis canadensis, Ignatia amara, Kali bichromicum, Lemna minor, Mercurius vivus, Pulsatilla, Rhus toxicodendron, Sabadilla, Thuja occidentalis.
- Temporary relief of symptoms due to inflamed sinuses
- Cold and flu nasal symptoms
- Sinus pain and headache
Recommended Reading: Can Wisdom Teeth Cause Sinus Pain
How Is Sinusitis Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will ask you a lot of questions in order to develop a detailed medical history and find out about your symptoms. They will also do a physical examination. During the exam, your care provider will check your ears, nose and throat for any swelling, draining or blockage. An endoscope may be used to look inside the nose. In some cases, you might be referred to an ear, nose and throat specialist. If you needed an imaging exam, your provider would order a computed tomography scan.
Read Also: How To Turn On Hearing Aid Mode On Iphone
When To Seek Medical Attention
Seek medical attention if you have:
- Symptoms that get worse after a short improvement
- Severe symptoms such as facial pain or headache
- Symptoms lasting ten days or more without improvement
- A fever lasting longer than 3-4 days
- Multiple sinus infections in the past year
Did you know you can get affordable primary care with the K Health app?
to check your symptoms, explore conditions and treatments, and if needed text with a healthcare provider in minutes. K Healths AI-powered app is HIPAA compliant and based on 20 years of clinical data.
Recommended Reading: Is A Sinus Operation Painful
About Ear Nose And Throat
The experts in the UPMC Department of Otolaryngology treat a variety of ear, nose, and throat conditions in both children and adults. Our team includes board-certified physicians and highly skilled speech-language pathologists and audiologists. We provide both surgical and nonsurgical treatment options. Our research and clinical trials help to advance care for our patients. Find an ENT expert near you.
Get A Prescription To Treat Your Sinus Infection
We set up Lemonaid to make it simple to get the convenient affordable medical care you need regardless of insurance, and sinus infections are one of the most common health problems.
With our sinus treatment service you can have a same day online visit. Our doctors or nurse practitioners can work out if youve got a sinus infection. Most sinus infections are caused by viruses, but some are caused by bacteria. Viral infections typically get better within a week without treatment. If we think you have a bacterial infection thats safe to treat online, we can give you a prescription.
Don’t Miss: When Is A Cold A Sinus Infection
Signs You Have A Sinus Infection
|WHO:||Dr. Ford Brewer, chief medical officer at MDLIVE, the nations largest telehealth network of doctors, pediatricians and therapists.|
|WHAT:||According to Dr. Brewer, an individual with a cold that is just not getting better or is worse after 5-7 days may have acute sinusitis . This occurs when there is bacterial growth in the sinuses as a result of an infection from a virus, bacteria, or fungus. Dr. Brewer recommends keeping a watchful eye out for the 8 most common sinusitis symptoms:
|WHERE:||Individuals that think they may have a sinus infection, should contact their doctor. For those that cant wait days for an appointment or dont want to struggle in to their doctors office, MDLIVE provides a consult with a board certified doctor via secure online video, MDLIVE App or interactive audio. Typical wait time is less than 15 minutes.|
|WHEN:||Consults are available 24/7/365 and currently MDLIVE is offering $10 off initial consults. Consumers should enter the promocode PAINFREE in the promo code section on the payment screen to get $10 off their first MDLIVE phone or video consult before 3/18/16*. Details on promo code can be found at: bit.ly/painfree9.|
Media Contact:Michael E. Donner, Chief Marketing OfficerMDLIVE
Surgical Treatment For Chronic Sinusitis
Although medical therapy and lifestyle tweaks are the first-line treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis, some people may fail to respond to optimal therapy. In such cases, Ear, Nose Throat and Allergy Specialist performs a surgery to widen up the blocked sinuses and remove any trapped mucus or polyps.
Other situations in which surgery could be considered include:
- When chronic sinusitis symptoms do not respond to the medical treatments listed above, and CT scan of your sinuses reveals complete blockage of one or more sinuses.
- When nasal polyps fail to shrink enough with steroids.
- When a severe deviation of the septum completely blocks your nose or hinders sinus drainage.
- When theres a suspicion of allergic fungal sinusitis. The sinuses in allergic fungal sinusitis get clogged with thick, dense mucus that is hard to remove in any way other than surgery.
Read Also: Self Remedy For Sinus Infection